Os Elementos: A Visual Exploration of Every Known Atom in the Universe by Theodore Gray
Os Elementos is a book by Theodore Gray, a chemist and co-founder of Wolfram Research, that showcases the beauty and diversity of the chemical elements. The book contains stunning photographs of each element, along with descriptions of their properties, uses, history, and trivia. The book also includes a poster of the periodic table and a CD-ROM with interactive features.
The book was first published in English in 2009 and has been translated into several languages, including Portuguese. The Portuguese edition, titled Os Elementos: Uma ExploraÃÃo Visual de Todos os Ãtomos Conhecidos no Universo, was released in 2010 by Editora IntrÃnseca. The book has received positive reviews from critics and readers alike, who praised its visual appeal, scientific accuracy, and educational value.
One of the highlights of the book is the chapter on tin, which covers page 54. Tin is a soft, silvery metal that can exist in two forms: Î-tin or white tin, which is stable at room temperature and has a cubic structure; and Î-tin or gray tin, which is stable below 13.2ÂC and has a tetragonal structure. Gray tin is brittle and can crumble into powder, a phenomenon known as tin pest. The book shows examples of both forms of tin, as well as some of its compounds and alloys.
Os Elementos is a must-have for anyone interested in chemistry, physics, or art. It is a fascinating and informative journey through the building blocks of matter that reveals the beauty and wonder of nature.
Another interesting chapter of the book is the one on carbon, which covers page 18. Carbon is one of the most abundant and versatile elements in the universe. It can form millions of different compounds, from simple molecules like carbon dioxide and methane, to complex macromolecules like DNA and proteins. Carbon is also the basis of all life on Earth, as well as many materials such as graphite, diamond, coal, and charcoal.
The book shows some of the amazing forms and uses of carbon, such as a diamond ring, a graphite pencil, a charcoal drawing, a carbon fiber bike, and a nanotube model. The book also explains some of the properties and reactions of carbon, such as its ability to form chains and rings, its role in photosynthesis and respiration, and its involvement in greenhouse gases and climate change.
Os Elementos is a book that will inspire curiosity and appreciation for the natural world. It is a book that will appeal to anyone who loves science, art, or both.
The book also covers some of the rare and exotic elements, such as the lanthanides and actinides, which are found at the bottom of the periodic table. These elements have unusual and often unstable properties, such as radioactivity, magnetism, and fluorescence. The book shows some of the applications and challenges of these elements, such as nuclear power, medical imaging, lasers, and superconductors.
The book also explores some of the mysteries and controversies of the elements, such as the origin of the elements in the stars, the discovery and synthesis of new elements, and the environmental and ethical issues of mining and using the elements. The book invites the reader to think critically and creatively about the elements and their impact on society and nature. 061ffe29dd